FAWorAIDS: Facing AIDS for World AIDS Day
Gacor – Have you ever thought that the phrase HIV and AIDS leads to the end of the world? How will the world overcome this despair?
The United Nations or the United Nations launched the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the form of 17 goals with 169 achievements which are expected to be achieved by 2030 for the sake of common development, human welfare and earth safety. One of the 17 SDGs reads “good health and well-being” or a healthy and prosperous life which is goal number 3 and covers the HIV/AIDS sector. HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a virus that can destroy immune cells, while AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the final stage of HIV or a collection of disease symptoms caused by a weak immune system. Please note, not all people living with HIV will become AIDS.
UNAIDS or the Joint United Nations Program on HIV and AIDS is a global institution that is the main supporter in ending HIV and AIDS. Their goals are stated in the Fast Track report: Ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030 which was published in 2014. Based on UNAIDS, there are several targets that must be achieved by 2020, namely: 90-90-90, reducing the annual number of HIV infections in adults to 500,000 cases, and eliminate discrimination. What does 90-90-90 mean? The meaning of these numbers is,
90% of people living with HIV should know their HIV status (tested),
90% of people with HIV (ODHIV) undergo treatment (treated),
90% of people who have undergone therapy experience a decrease in the amount of virus (viral load) until it is undetected (undetected). Based on a 2011 study, people living with HIV/AIDS (people living with HIV/AIDS) who adhere to taking ARVs effectively have a reduced risk of transmitting the virus to partners who are not infected by up to 96%. Therefore, WHO recommends initiating ARV therapy for PLWHA because it is very significant in reducing HIV transmission.
The next target for ending AIDS by 2030 is the 95-95-95 target, reducing the annual number of HIV infections in adults to 200,000 cases, and eliminating discrimination. The meaning of 95-95-95 is almost the same as 90-90-90, but differs from the percentage of the number, which is 95%.
2030 is getting closer, but the world is not feeling well with the COVID-19 pandemic so to ensure progress stays on track, there are new targets for 2025, in the form of previous targets and several important additions, such as:
Not more than 10% of countries do not yet have firm legal policies, no more than 10% of countries experience stigma and discrimination, and no more than 10% of countries experience gender inequality and violence,
95% of people prevent HIV transmission, 95% of women can access HIV services and sexual & reproductive health services, and 95% access services to eliminate vertical transmission,
90% of people with HIV and people at high risk of exposure to HIV have access to integrated health services.
In order to achieve the SDGs, especially human welfare, let’s open our eyes even wider by wanting to learn together about how to end HIV/AIDS. Starting from small things, such as wanting to find, receive, and sort out existing information, and want to check yourself regularly at a trusted health service. Elizabeth Taylor once said, “It is bad enough that people are dying of AIDS, but no one should die of ignorance”. Come on, eliminate discrimination between us and towards a prosperous 2030 by CIMSA UPH!